To change the Swedish constitution you need two separate decisions in the Riksdag. Between the two decisions there need to be an election. However, since changes in the constitutions normally are the result of cross block border negotiations, it is difficult for the voters who are against the changes to do anything about it at the election that separates the two parliamentary votings.
All seven parties that had seats in the Riksdag last electoral period voted in favor of the changes in the first voting in June this year. Only the Sweden democrats, elected to parliament for the first time this September this year, will vote no in the second voting next week.
Some of the changes:
• The Riksdag shall vote about the Prime Minister after every election. Today, if there is an unclear parliamentarian situation, the government can continue to govern and it is up to the opposition to call for a vote of no confidence and force them to resign.
• A possibility to proclaim extra election on regional- and local level, if the political situation makes it too complicated to govern, is introduced.
• It will be easier to enforce local referendums. One third of the members of the local assembly will be enough instead of a majority as of today.
• The fraction of personal votes needed for a candidate to be elected to the Riksdag, instead of the candidate the party has proposed, is lowered to five percent instead of eight.
• The Swedish membership of the EU becomes a part of the constitution.
• It will be written in the constitution that the ability of Sami- and other ethnical, linguistic and religious minorities to keep and develop their culture shall be promoted.
• The current requirement regarding Swedish citizenship for some higher state positions is removed. One such position is the national prosecutor (riksåklagare) which might be held by non-citizens in the future. The requirement on Ministers to have been Swedish citizens for at least ten years is removed.
• The Election Day will be on the second Sunday in September every four year instead of the third Sunday the same month.