The survey covers those who are so called 'openly unemployed'; i.e. do not participate in any education- or training program designed for those who have difficulties on the labour market.
In the 1980s, seventy-five percent of this group was covered by the unemployment funds (sw: A-kassa). Now it is fifty percent. That means they got maximum eighty percent of their previous salary each month from the funds provided they can show that there are applying for new jobs and that they accept a new job if offered one. The percentage decreases to seventy percent after a while and there is a roof in the system, thoses with very high incomes only gets eighty percent up to a certain limit.
People who has never been established on the labour market or worked enough hours to be entitled money from the unemployment funds, have often the only option to apply for social welfare (sw: socailbidrag).
One reason to the increase of this group is that the number of young people who never got established on the labour market increased after the crisis in the 1990s and the 2008 financial crisis. Another explanation is that many of the immigrants who arrived during the last twenty years have failed to get a first foot into the labour market.